15 June 2019, 19:42
Comprehensive work is underway in the regions of Kazakhstan to improve the well-being of citizens. Government pays special attention to the quality of life and modernization in the main sectors of the economy. Read the review by PremeMinister.kz about the work done to ensure the socio-economic development of Karaganda region.
Karaganda region is the largest in terms of its territory and industrial potential, rich in minerals and raw materials. The area of the region is 428 thousand km2. The region occupies the most elevated part of the Kazakh Upland — Saryarka.
The population is 1,378.9 thousand people, of which urban is 79.6%. The region consists of nine cities of regional significance, two cities of district significance (Abai, Karkaralinsk) and nine districts.
The regional budget for 2018 amounted to 309.8 billion tenge. Over the past year, the state budget received 416 billion tenge of taxes and payments, of which 261.1 billion tenge was transferred to the republican budget, 154.9 billion tenge was transferred to the local budget.
In the structure of the gross regional product, the predominant share is lies on the industry — 45.44%. Among the basic sectors of the economy are electric power, fuel, ferrous metallurgy, mechanical engineering, chemical industry. The share of the processing industry in the total volume of the regional GRP is 31.09%, the mining industry 10.17%, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 3.34%, water supply, sewerage system, control over the collection and distribution of waste 0.84%.
The industrial policy and base of the region is formed by more than 200 enterprises and industries of the mining, manufacturing, power supply and water supply.
Thus, in 2018, the volume of production in the region amounted to 2,566.5 billion tenge. In the manufacturing industry, the volume of production amounted to 2 trillion tenge, with growth by 2017 by 202 billion tenge (2017 — 1.8 trillion tenge). The share of the industry in the industrial structure was 78.1% (2017 — 77.7%).
At the same time, the industry has maintained a positive trend in production:
In addition, in 2018, four projects amounting to 41.5 billion tenge were implemented under the Industrialization Map with the creation of 689 jobs. Recall that, following the results of the first five-year plan (2010-2014), 58 projects were launched totaling 123 billion tenge with the creation of 4,596 new jobs. According to the results of the second five-year plan (2015-2019), 29 projects were launched totaling 168.9 billion tenge with the creation of 2,307 new jobs.
Among those launched in 2018, there are three projects totaling 39.9 billion tenge, with the creation of 489 new jobs:
In general, the implementation of the Industrialization Map projects allowed the creation of new types of products in engineering, pharmaceuticals, construction industry and the agro-industrial sector.
The climatic conditions and geographical location of the region, optimal for the cultivation of grain, potatoes and vegetables, and the development of animal husbandry, have determined for the Karaganda region the role of one of the leading regions of Kazakhstan in the production and processing of agricultural products. The situation in the agro-industrial complex of the region is characterized by the growth of production efficiency, the development of the financial services market in the countryside. In addition, the development of this industry led to the improvement in the quality of life of the rural population.
In the region's agriculture, production increased by 6.2%, reaching 272.6 billion tenge. Last year was quite favorable for the industry. All major industry indicators are met. At the end of the year, the growth of gross output of agriculture in the region amounted to 6.2%; gross output was produced for 272 billion tenge.
The growth in production was due to an increase in the volume of output in the crop industry, where 116 billion tenge was produced, an increase of 0.8%, in the livestock industry — 155.4 billion tenge, with an increase of 2.9%.
At the same time, in 2018, the harvest area of grain crops amounted to 814.7 thousand hectares (including wheat 621.2 thousand hectares, barley 167.0 thousand hectares, oats 16.4 thousand hectares), potatoes 14.5 thousand hectares and vegetables — 2.9 thousand hectares. About 91.7 thousand tons of seeds were planted, which is 100% of the plan.
Potato production with an average yield of 253 c / ha amounted to 340.8 thousand tons. Over a hundred thousand tons of vegetables were collected. More than two thousand tons of hay was produced.
In 2019, in order to simplify the provision of public services, the agro-industrial complex is being digitalized and precision farming systems are being introduced, electronic field maps are being created on the Ministry of Agriculture web portal.
Electronic maps (of arable land) were formed by 1,683 farms on 1,264.4 thousand hectares, or 103.4%.
In January-December 2018, food production in the region increased by 2.9%, the production amounted to 112 billion tenge.
For 2018, the state support of the agro-industrial sector amounted to 14,054.3 million tenge (6,026 farms), including in the crop sector — 1,978.2 million tenge (559 farms), in the livestock industry — 4,901.4 million tenge (2,742 farms), (investment subsidies, processing) — 7,174.7 million tenge (2,725 farms).
The number of operating entities in small and medium enterprises for January-December 2018 amounted to 84 thousand, an increase of 6% over the same period in 2017.
For the Business Road Map 2020, the government allocated 2.4 billion tenge. For the development of entrepreneurship in 2018, microcredits were issued to 226 agricultural producers, which is 39 more agricultural formations.
As of March 1, 2019, in the Karaganda region, the number of registered SMEs is 104,126, an increase of 2.8% over the same period of 2018. Of these, the number of active SMEs is 86,845, with an increase of 8.8% over the corresponding period of 2018.
The number of people employed in small and medium-sized businesses amounted to 236,188 people and increased by 6.4% over the same period in 2017. By the number of people employed in small and medium-sized enterprises, the Karaganda region ranks 4th in the country. In terms of organizational and legal forms, 50.9% work in SMEs in the region, 44.1% work in private companies, and 4.9% work in collective farms.
The share of people employed in SMEs in relation to the economically active population of the region is growing annually and today reached 34.3%.
In the sectoral structure of employed in SMEs, wholesale and retail trade accounts for 36.1%, industry accounts for 14.8%, construction accounts for 9.2%, agriculture accounts for 7.4%, transport and warehousing is 5.1%, 4.6 % — real estate operations, 3.6% — professional and research activities, 3.9% — education, healthcare, arts, entertainment and recreation, 3.1% — accommodation and food services, 1.7% — information and communication, 10.5% — other activities.
Over the past three years there has been an increase in the number of SME employees by 5.4 thousand people. The Entrepreneurship Support Map includes 106 projects for 791.9 billion tenge, with the creation of 11,960 new jobs. Of these, three projects are included in the Republican Map — ArcelorMittal Temirtau JSC, Karaganda Plant of Integrated Alloys LLP, YDD Corporation LLP.
All 18 districts are represented in the Business Support Map. As part of the map, 87 projects have been implemented to date, the total amount of investments amounted to 292 billion tenge. The enterprises created 6,903 new jobs.
In 2018, 7.2 billion tenge was allocated for the implementation of the Nurly Zher Program.
2.2 billion tenge was allocated for the construction of rental housing, 424 apartments were commissioned.
2.9 billion tenge was allocated for lending housing through issuing bonds (at the expense of Baiterek Development JSC) to continue the construction of 10 projects. Following the results of 2018, 549 apartments were commissioned.
Last year, the region put into operation 417 thousand m2 of housing, and it is 4,135 apartments, which is 11.2% more than in 2017.
Of the input volume, 34% is accounted for individual housing (141.5 thousand square meters), 27.8% for commercial (115.9 thousand square meters) and 38.2% for public sector housing (159.3 thousand square meters).
These are 4,135 apartments, which is 21.9% more than in 2017 (2017 — 3,393 apartments), including 1,749 apartments built at the expense of public investment or 2.3 times more than last year.
About 18.5 billion tenge was allocated for reconstruction, major and medium repairs, maintenance of local roads.
In addition, in 2018, the volume of investments in fixed assets amounted to 470 billion tenge, with an increase of 20.6% compared to 2017. Of which the main share is accounted for by private investment — 80%. The construction amounted to 214.9 billion tenge, compared to the corresponding period last year — 119.8%. 416.7 thousand m² of housing or 111.4% of the correspondding period of 2017 was commissioned.
The greatest activity was noted in industry, including in the mining industry, in the manufacturing industry, in the metallurgical industry, in the electricity supply — services, transport and warehousing, real estate operations, in education and healthcare.
154.7 billion tenge was allocated to the social sphere, including 107.6 billion tenge to education, and 8.9 billion tenge to healthcare.
In 2018 to solve the problems of triple shift and liquidate emergency schools in the region, through targeted transfers (with co-financing from the local budget), a school for 464 places was opened in the village of Saryshagan, Aktogay district, two secondary schools for 1,200 places each in Karagandy and a school for 600 places in Temirtau are under construction.
At the expense of the regional budget, the construction of a kindergarten for 320 places in the city of Zhezkazgan continues, at the expense of the regional budget — a school for 80 places in the Ulytau district.
In preschool education, work continues to increase the coverage and improve the quality of preschool education and upbringing. There are 537 pre-school organizations in the region, of which 230 are kindergartens and 307 mini-centers. The coverage of pre-school education and training from 1 to 6 years increased from 88.3 to 89.8%, from 3 to 6 years from 98.5 to 100%.
Work is underway to solve new problems. The first is the provision of pre-school education for children with special educational needs. To solve the problem, it is planned to involve business structures. To this end, in Karaganda, the size of the state order for this category of children has been almost doubled. The second task is to increase the coverage of children from 1 to 3 years old. For parents whose children are not yet covered by pre-school education, the Absentee Kindergarten project has been operating in the region for the third year already to provide practical help to parents. On the basis of kindergartens, counseling centers and gaming support centers are open, additional methodists' rates have been introduced in the states. The experience of the Karaganda region received a positive assessment and since 2018 it has been distributed throughout the republic.
In the pre-school institutions of the region, the implementation of the Zerek project has begun, as well as the development of skills in robotic design and programming. In secondary education, work continues on the transition to the updated content.
This school year, new classes were transferred to the 3rd, 6th and 8th grades.
In the two pilot schools of the region, the testing of updated programs and new textbooks for grades 4, 9 and 10 continues.
An important step in the transition to a new quality of education is the transmission of the experience of Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools to all schools. More than 77% of school teachers have already completed course training in new programs.
As part of the introduction of trilingual education in 242 schools (48%), the natural-mathematical subjects are taught in English. All pilot schools are provided with bilingual textbooks. 60% of teachers of the natural-mathematical cycle passed language courses.
Much attention is paid to the equipment of schools. To date, 69% of primary and secondary schools are provided with classrooms, and 40% — with robotics laboratories. Until the end of the year, these figures will be increased to 75% and 50%, respectively. In 2018 in cooperation with the regional branch of the Nur Otan party, work began on the creation of IT classes. Seventy-one class has already been created, by the end of the year their number will almost double and amount to 130. All schools in the region have broadband internet access.
All schools have moved to electronic grade book system. Work has begun on the automated receipt of documents and enrollment of children in grade 1 and electronic certification of teaching staff.
As part of the digitalization of education, the introduction of mobile applications Edu-Mark, GradeApp, e-session and e-admission campaign in colleges, e-vocational guidance campaign among students of grades 7-11, PedAtt continues.
Within the framework of the Bilimland project, all schools in the region are connected to digital educational resources.
To improve the quality of education of rural schools in the region, there are 38 supporting schools with coverage of 186 small schools.
In 115 educational institutions, the implementation of the project "Inclusive Kindergarten – school – college" continues.
In order to provide educational services to children with special needs in the region, there are 10 special correctional schools, 8 correction rooms, 1 rehabilitation center.
To improve identifying children with special educational needs, in 2019 it is planned to open psychological, medical and pedagogical consultations in Karaganda, two rehabilitation centers, 2 correction rooms, 3 inclusion support rooms with the assistance of the Bolashak corporate fund.
Seventy organizations of technical and vocational education function in the region, 46 of them are public and 24 are private. Modular educational programs were introduced in all the colleges of the region. Training in these programs will allow students to get 2-3 qualifications instead of one.
All medical organizations work in a single information field on the basis of a regional Integrated Medical Information System. A mobile application DamuMed was developed, which is actively used by more than 367 thousand people, which is 73.4% of the Internet-active population.
To date, more than 1.3 million electronic health passports have been generated, which is 95% of the population.
The load on one territorial site in polyclinics of the region is 1,741 people, and one general practitioner receives 2,200 people. Work on reducing the burden on the doctor continues.
Four medical organizations were opened in 2018.
In order to disaggregate the clinics and ensure the provision of medical care within walking distance in 2018, two clinics were opened in Karaganda. In 2019, it is planned to open four more polyclinics in Karaganda. In the spring, construction of the polyclinic in Temirtau will be started at the expense of ArcelorMittal Temirtau.
Along with this, a rural medical ambulance station was put into operation in a village. Togusken Zhanaarkinskogo area. The clinic of the Medical University has been opened.
Six contracts for 320 million tenge were concluded within public-private partnership program in 2018.
In total, 23 projects have been implemented in the health care system, attracting 2.8 billion tenge of private investment. In 2019, it is planned to implement PPP projects with the attraction of more than 2 billion tons of private investment.
The dormitory of the medical college for 300 places was restored (it was preserved for many years). In 2019, an additional 2,413 million tenge was allocated from the Republican budget for salary increase for medical workers.